Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2023-10-13 Origin: Site
There are numerous varieties of steel available on the market. Carbon steel and stainless steel are two of the most prevalent types, and their shapes are similar, resulting in difficulty distinguishing them for many people. So, what distinguishes carbon steel from stainless steel? The following information is presented to you by a manufacturer of seamless pipes.
Both carbon steel and stainless steel have similar elemental compositions, consisting primarily of iron and carbon. The crucial variance between carbon and stainless steel is the level of alloy content. Carbon steel has an alloy content of less than 10.5%, whereas stainless steel requires 10.5% or more chromium. Because of this disparity, carbon and stainless steel boast distinct physical properties.
The distinction between carbon steel and stainless steel lies in
their appearance and corrosion resistance.
Stainless steel comprises chromium, nickel, and other metals, which give it a bright silver, smooth, and highly polished surface. In contrast, carbon steel is an iron alloy with a grey hue and rougher surface texture than its stainless steel counterpart. In terms of corrosion resistance, stainless steel outperforms carbon steel due to its composition and is less prone to rusting.
The distinction between carbon steel and stainless steel lies in their appearance and corrosion resistance. However, both contain iron. It is common knowledge that iron elements gradually undergo oxidation when exposed to the environment, resulting in surface rust. In contrast, stainless steel contains added chromium. Chromium binds with oxygen more effectively than iron, resulting in the formation of a protective layer of chromium oxide, which prevents deterioration and corrosion of the steel. The lower chromium content in carbon steel prevents the formation of a chromium oxide layer, resulting in lower corrosion resistance compared to stainless steel.
Thus, carbon steel exhibits better wear resistance than stainless steel.
However, carbon steel is harder than stainless steel, although it is heavier and has lower plasticity. Thus, carbon steel exhibits better wear resistance than stainless steel. Thus, carbon steel exhibits better wear resistance than stainless steel. Additionally, carbon steel is typically less expensive.
When producing stainless steel, a precise amount of additional alloys are required, whereas carbon steel differs significantly in that it does not require a large quantity of additional alloys. This is why stainless steel is significantly more expensive than carbon steel.
Additionally, steels with higher carbon content are usually hard and brittle, while those with lower carbon content tend to be ductile and tough. Stainless steel has greater ductility than carbon steel, primarily due to its higher nickel content, which also provides better ductility. Conversely, carbon steel has high carbon content and low nickel content, resulting in poor ductility, which can be disregarded.